The modest earthworm plays a significant role in greenhouse gas pollution, more than you would expect. Earthworms don’t create a lot of pollution of their own. But the soil on which they live does, and worms play an important role in soil.
Soil accounts for about 20% of worldwide carbon dioxide emissions and two-thirds of nitrous oxide emissions. Emissions are created by a variety of natural biological processes affecting plant roots and ground-dwelling microorganisms.
Soil ecosystem engineers are another name for earthworms. This is partly due to the fact that their burrowing changes the physical composition of the soil, making it more porous. Earthworms are also associated with the bacteria that are responsible for the majority of CO2 emissions.
The amount of carbon dioxide released in the soil and how much escapes into the atmosphere is affected by the presence of worms. Earthworms increase greenhouse gas production, according to scientists, and their numbers are increasing.
Another potent greenhouse gas is nitrous oxide. Bacteria in the guts of earthworms emit nitrous oxide, which can be three times higher in worm-infested soil than in soil without worms. Isn’t it amazing how far we’ve come in terms of studying the impact of earthworms on climate change?
More food for earthworms will be available as the use of organic fertilizers grows. As a result, the population of earthworms will rise, which may be detrimental to the world’s atmosphere. As a result, humans are not the only ones influencing the global environment. Another species bears responsibility as well.